Form I Active Participles of Geminate Roots

مُضَعَّف

root: ض-ع-ف / passive participle of form II / definition: doubled, geminate


As we saw in the post Arabic Roots: the Different Types, geminate roots are those whose final two letters are the same. Like م-س-س or ح-ر-ر.

When it comes to the form I active participle of geminate roots then, we might expect its pattern to be the same as that of regular, sound roots (i.e. فاعِل)—hence we might expect حارِر as an active participle. But that’s not the case.

Instead, the pattern of form I active participles of geminate roots (which are represented by the letters ف-ع-ع) is فاعّ.

So the form I active participle of the root ح-ر-ر is حارّ (“hot”).

Here are some more common examples:

عامّ

general, public

خاصّ

special, particular, private

ماسّ

urgent, pressing

حاجّ

pilgrim

ضالّ

astray, misguided

جافّ

dry

هامّ

important

مادّ

stretching, extending

تامّ

complete

سامّ

poisonous, toxic

دالّ

meaningful, signifying

ضارّ

harmful

And if you’re a nerd like me when it comes to the verb forms, don’t forget to check out these verb tables:

…as well as all of the other grammar posts on this blog—there’s lots!

!إلى اللقاء


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