root: م-ه-ر / noun / plural: مَهارات / definition: skill
A great way to hint at your remarkable ability to provide countless examples in a list (thereby convincing whoever’s reading your essay of your expert knowledge of the topic), is to end your lists with a phrase like “and so on”.
So, what are some of the ways we can say “and so on” in Arabic? Let’s take a look:
إلى آخِرِهِ (إلخ)
Here’s a classic, often translated as “etcetera”.
إلى آخره is often abbreviated to إلخ (“etc.”).
This was actually the first phrase on the list in Small but Useful Arabic Phrases That You Need To Know.
وَما إلى ذلك
You can also swap out ذلك for an attached pronoun here, e.g. وما إليه.
Remember to change the pronoun of this phrase and similar ones, depending on what you’re listing.
If you’re listing people for example, finish up with وغيرهم.
I keep meaning to write a post about the ها prefix, written هٰـ in words like هذا and هكذا—something I mentioned I wanted to explore in The ذاك Suffix.
I’ll add it to my list of post ideas.
So this one’s just a little extension of the previous one, for when you want to really show off your vocabulary.
We’ve seen this phrase before, in Wehr Wednesdays #135.
I think this one’s quite interesting, especially if we think about the literal meaning.
Take a look at هلمّ and جرّ separately in the dictionary and see what you think.
وَما شابَهَ ذلك
This is another phrase you might see with an attached pronoun suffix instead of ذلك, so وما شابهها, for instance.
It’s derived from the form III verb شابَهَ, “to be similar”.
What other phrases do you know that are synonymous with these ones? Let us know in the comments below!
And don’t forget to check out the Small but Useful Phrases series for more phrases to include in your Arabic essays.
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