Case Endings of the Sound Feminine Plural

مُؤَنَّث

root: ء-ن-ث / passive participle of form II / definition: feminine


Most of us will have learnt that sound masculine plurals in Arabic have one of two endings: ـونَ when مرفوع, and ـينَ when منصوب or مجرور.

But the sound feminine plural ending (ـات) doesn’t change in spelling. Instead, we use either damma/dammatayn (ـاتُ/ـاتٌ) or kasra/kasratayn (ـاتِ/ـاتٍ) to indicate case.

When a sound feminine plural is مرفوع and definite (or the non-final word in an إضافة), we use a damma (ـاتُ).

And when it’s مرفوع and indefinite, we use dammatayn (ـاتٌ).

Examples:

تُريدُ المُديراتُ تَغييرَ السِّياسة

the female managers want to change the policy

هؤُلاءِ وَزيراتٌ مِن موريتانيا

these are female ministers from Mauritania

When a sound feminine plural is منصوب or مجرور and definite (or the non-final word in an إضافة), we use a kasra (ـاتِ).

And when it’s منصوب or مجرور and indefinite, we use kasratayn (ـاتٍ).

Examples:

تَعَرَّفنا على طالِباتِ الجامِعة

we met female students of the university

أَسَّسوا شَرِكاتٍ كَثيرةً في البَلَد

they set up many companies in the country

So a key thing to note is that we’ll never find fatha/fathatayn as the case ending for a sound feminine plural!

I hope this short post was useful! Don’t hesitate to leave any questions in the comments below.

!مع السلامة



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